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# 204.7.7 Boosting

##### Concepts behind Boosting.

Link to the previous post : https://statinfer.com/204-7-6-practice-random-forest/

In this post, we will cover how boosting work and the type of boosting algorithms.

## Boosting

• Boosting is one more famous ensemble method.
• Boosting uses a slightly different techniques to that of bagging.
• Boosting is a well proven theory that works really well on many of the machine learning problems like speech recognition.
• If bagging is wisdom of crowds then boosting is wisdom of crowds where each individual is given some weight based on their expertise.
• Boosting in general decreases the bias error and builds strong predictive models.
• Boosting is an iterative technique. We adjust the weight of the observation based on the previous classification.
• If an observation was classified incorrectly, it tries to increase the weight of this observation and vice versa.

### Boosting Main idea Final Classifier C=αici ### How weighted samples are taken ### Boosting Illustration

Below is the training data and their classes We need to take a note of record numbers, they will help us in weighted sampling later.     ### Theory behind Boosting Algorithm

• Take the dataset.
• Build a classifier Cm and find the error.
• Calculate error rate of the classifier
• Error rate of = Sum of misclassification weight / sum of sample weights
• Calculate an intermediate factor called a. It analogous to accuracy rate of the model. It will be later used in weight updating. It is derived from error.
• • Update weights of each record in the sample using the a factor. The indicator function will make sure that the misclassifications are given more weight.
• For i =1,2,… N
• • Re-normalize so that sum of weights is 1.
• Repeat this model building and weight update process until we have no misclassification.
• Final collation is done by voting from all the modes. While taking the votes, each model is weighted by the accuracy factor α
• • Adaptive Boosting -Till now we discussed Ada boosting technique. Here we give high weight to misclassified records.